Welcome to Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan is a country located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, bordered by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to the south. Here are key facts about Azerbaijan:

  1. Capital: Baku

  2. Official Language: Azerbaijani

  3. Currency: Azerbaijani Manat (AZN)

  4. Independence: Azerbaijan gained independence from the Soviet Union on October 18, 1991.

  5. Caspian Sea: Azerbaijan has a coastline along the Caspian Sea, which is the world's largest inland body of water.

  6. Religion: The majority of the population in Azerbaijan is Muslim, with Shia Islam being the predominant branch.

  7. Cultural Diversity: Azerbaijan is known for its cultural diversity, influenced by various civilizations and historical periods. The country is home to diverse ethnic groups, including Azerbaijanis, Lezgins, Talysh, and others.

  8. Baku: The capital city, Baku, is known for its modern architecture, including the Flame Towers and the Heydar Aliyev Center. The Old City (Icherisheher) is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

  9. Oil and Gas Resources: Azerbaijan is rich in oil and natural gas resources. The Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline is a major infrastructure project that transports oil from the Caspian Sea to the Mediterranean.

  10. Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: Azerbaijan has faced territorial disputes, notably the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict with Armenia. The conflict led to a war in the early 1990s, and tensions persisted until the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War in 2020, which resulted in territorial changes.

  11. Gobustan National Park: Gobustan is home to ancient rock carvings and mud volcanoes, providing insights into prehistoric human activity.

  12. Cuisine: Azerbaijani cuisine is diverse and includes dishes like plov (rice pilaf), kebabs, dolma (stuffed grape leaves), and various pastries.

  13. Mugham Music: Mugham is a traditional Azerbaijani musical genre recognized by UNESCO as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage.

  14. Ateshgah of Baku: Ateshgah, also known as the Fire Temple of Baku, is a historic site associated with Zoroastrianism.

  15. Caspian Sea Oil Fields: The development of oil fields in the Caspian Sea, particularly the Azeri-Chirag-Gunashli field, has played a significant role in Azerbaijan's economy.

  16. Heydar Aliyev International Airport: The main international airport in Baku is named after Heydar Aliyev, the third President of Azerbaijan.

  17. Silk Road Heritage: Azerbaijan was a part of the historic Silk Road trade route, and remnants of ancient trade routes can be found in the country.

Azerbaijan's history, cultural richness, and strategic location contribute to its significance in the South Caucasus region. The country has undergone significant economic development, particularly in the oil and gas sector, in recent years. The resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has also had a substantial impact on regional dynamics.